List of peace agreements: A comprehensive guide to global peace efforts

Throughout history, war and conflict have been a constant threat to human security. Despite the best efforts of nations and individuals to prevent violence and promote peace, conflicts continue to arise, causing untold suffering and devastation. However, amid this bleak reality, there are also countless examples of peace-building initiatives that have succeeded in resolving disputes and establishing peaceful coexistence between adversaries. In this article, we will provide an overview of some of the most significant peace agreements negotiated throughout history.

1. Treaty of Westphalia (1648)

Often cited as the first modern peace agreement, the Treaty of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years` War in Europe and marked a shift from religious-based to political-based diplomacy. The treaty established the principle of sovereignty, in which states have the right to determine their own affairs and govern themselves without interference from outside powers.

2. Camp David Accords (1978)

Signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, the Camp David Accords were a breakthrough in Middle Eastern diplomacy. The agreement normalized relations between Egypt and Israel and laid the groundwork for further peace negotiations between Israel and its Arab neighbors.

3. Good Friday Agreement (1998)

The Good Friday Agreement, also known as the Belfast Agreement, brought an end to decades of violence between Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland. The agreement established a power-sharing government and set out a framework for reconciliation and justice.

4. Oslo Accords (1993)

The Oslo Accords were a set of agreements signed between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) that established a framework for future peace negotiations. While the accords were criticized for their vagueness and lack of concrete measures, they represented a significant step towards resolving the long-standing conflict between Israelis and Palestinians.

5. Dayton Accords (1995)

The Dayton Accords ended the Bosnian War and established the current political structure of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The agreement was brokered by the United States and brought together the warring factions to form a single, multi-ethnic state.

6. Comprehensive Peace Agreement (2005)

The Comprehensive Peace Agreement ended the long-running civil war in Sudan and paved the way for the creation of an independent South Sudan. The agreement established a power-sharing government and provided for the demobilization of armed groups.

7. Paris Agreement (2016)

The Paris Agreement was a landmark climate accord signed by 196 countries to address the threat of global climate change. The agreement set ambitious targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and provided a framework for international cooperation to combat climate change.


While the list of peace agreements may seem incomplete, these agreements have established a foundation for global peace and security. Negotiated by world leaders, activists, and civil society, these agreements demonstrate the power of diplomacy and cooperation in resolving conflicts and achieving lasting peace. However, these agreements are not the end of the journey. They remain a call to action to all individuals, organizations, and nations to work together to promote understanding, respect, and tolerance, to build a better world for all.